欢迎来到宇轩教育!
返回列表
您当前的位置:主页 > 专升本 > 试题资料 >
试题资料
2020年成考专升本英语重点语法模拟试题

考点一、一般现在时与现在进行时

1.一般现在时

(1)考查表示按时间表将要发生的动作或事件

例 1—Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 1026 _______ off at 18: 20.

A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken

【解析】飞机起非的时间是时间表上的安排,所以无论将来什么时候发生都用一般现在时,答案应是 A。

(2)考查表示特征、能力或现时的情况或状态

例 2 This machine _______. It hasn’t worked for years.

A. didn’t work B. wasn’t working C. doesn’t work D. isn’t working

例 3 The house belongs to my aunt but she _______ here any more.

A. hasn’t lived B. didn’t live C. had lived D. doesn’t live

【解析】句中的谓语动词是现在时,故不住在这里也应该是现时的情况,答案应为 D。

(3)考查表示普遍真理、事实

例 4Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across this open sea, which _______ the Pacific, and we met no storms.

A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called

【解析】尽管我们横渡太平洋是几个月前的事情,但是海洋的名称是存在的事实,所以用一般现在时,答案是 B。

2.现在进行时

(1)考查表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作或发生的事

例 5 I have to go to work by taxi because my car _______ at the garage.

A. will be repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired

【解析】句中的谓语动词是现在时态,所以现在汽车正在被修理,故答案选 C。

例 6Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People _______ to ask how I am going to spend the money.

A. phone B. will phone C. were phoning D. are phoning

(3)考查表示某个按最近的计划或安排将要进行的动作、即将开始或结束的动作

常用的这类动词有:go, come, leave, arrive, land, meet, move, return, start, stay, stop, give, change, fly, work 等。

例 7Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belt. The plane _______.

A. takes off B. is taking off

C. has taken off D. took off

考点二、一般过去时与过去进行时

1.一般过去时

主要考查表示过去某个特定时间或某一段时间发生的动作或情况

例 8It’s said that the early European playing-cards ________ for entertainment and

education.

A. were being designed B. have designed C. have been designed D. were designed

【解析】句中的 the early 说明以前欧洲扑克牌的设计是为了娱乐和教育,用一般过去时说明过去某个特定时间发生的

动作或情况,答案是 D。

例 9My cousin went to Canada two years ago. He _______ there for a few months and then went to America.

A. worked B. would work C. would be working D. has been working

【解析】此题中的 two years ago 说明是发生在过去的事情,所以答案是 A。

2.过去进行时

(1)考查表示过去某一时刻或某阶段正在发生的动作,强调未完成

例 10—Has Sam finished his homework today?

—I have no idea. He _______ it this morning.

A. did B. has done C. was doing D. had done

(2)考查表示过去某一时间将要发生的动作

例 11—What were you doing when Tony phoned you?

—I had just finished my work and _______ take a shower. A. had started B. started C. have started D. was starting

【解析】“我”刚刚完成手头的工作,将要去洗澡,所以答案是 D。

一般过去时与过去进行时的区别如下:

一般过去时:完成性

过去进行时:未完成

考点三、现成完成时与现在完成进行时

1.现成完成时

(1)考查表示所发生的动作或事情对现在的影响或产生的结果

例 12Although medical science _______ control over several dangerous diseases, what worries us is that some of them are

returning.

A. achieved B. has achieved C. will achieve D. had achieved

【解析】尽管句中未出现时间状语,我们从句意可以判断出医学已经控制住了一些危险的疾病,所以答案是 B。

(2)考查表示一个从过去某个时间开始,延续到现在的动作

例 13My friend, who _______ on the International Olympic Committee all his life, is retiring next month.

A. served B. is serving C. had served D. has served

【解析】此题中的时间状语 all his life 说明我的朋友从过去到现在一直在奥委会工作,答案应是 D。

例 14My brother is an actor. He _______ in several films so far.

A. appears B. appeared C. has appeared D. is appearing

2.现成完成进行时

主要考查表示一个从过去某时开始发生,一直延续到现在并可能延续下去的动作。

例 15Now that she is out of a job, Lucy _______ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.

A. had considered B. has been considering C. consider D. is going to consider

【解析】因为失业,Lucy 一直考虑重返校园,但是到现在还没做出决定,所以答案为 B。

现在完成时与现在完成进行时的区别如下:

现在完成时:完成性     强调动作的结果

现在完成进行时:未完成性  动作在不久前持续进行的情景

考点四、 主动表示被动的三种情况

1. 不及物动词与状语连用,用以表示主语的品质和状态。

常见动词是:cut, sell, read, write, fill, cook, lock, wash, drive, keep 等。

2. 一些连系动词的主动式+形容词。

常见动词是:look, smell, taste, sound, feel, prove, turn out 等。

请同学们看下面一道题:

例 16 The roast duck_______delicious and a lot_______in two hours.

A. was tasted;was sold B. tasted;was sold C. was tasted;sold D. tasted;would sell

【解析】根据所给情景,taste 应为连系动词,英语中连系动词不用被动语态,所以第一空填 tasted,后半句意为“烤鸭

两小时内被卖掉很多”,所以答案为 B。

上题可以变化如下:

例 17 The roast dark which Mr and Mrs White prepared_______well.

A. sold B. had been sold C. was sold D. would sell

3. 五个“发生”:happen, take place, occur to, break out,come about 等。

例 18 ___is well known to everyone, the Olympic Games_______every four years.

A. It; are held B. As; take place C. That; happen D. As; break out

【解析】本题考查定语从句和表示“发生”等词的用法。A 项 it 不对,are held 正确,改成以下句子正确:It is well

known to everyone that the Olympic Games are held every four years. C、D 项中 That 与 break out 不妥,B 项中 as 引导的定

语从句修饰 the Olympic ... 整个句子,take place 相当于 are held,所以答案为 B

上一篇:2020年浙江普通专升本《大学语文》模拟试卷一答案(第五部分)
下一篇:没有了
无标题文档